Pines have distinct yellowish white sapwood and reddish heartwood. Heartwood is clearly demarcated from sapwood. Slow growing trees (esp. Nordic Scots pine) have a fine texture, faster growing ones show medium textures (Maritime pines can also have a coarse texture). Slow grown Nordic pine is very easy to machine to a smooth surface. Knots are tightly fixed in the timber and normally limited in size. The big red knots give a decorative character to the timber. All pines have a lot of resin canals. The wood is soft, medium in weight and has medium density. The strength properties are good. Sawing and machining is easy, gluing can be difficult depending on the percentage of resin in the wood.
1 Inch (25mm), 2 Inches (50mm).
Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools. Glues and finishes well.